When we think about news we often miss the most important questions of “what is news” and “what makes news? In the modern day, news is rapidly changing and this is mostly due to the global increase internet accessibility. Michael Schudson said that “everything we thought we once knew about journalism needs to be rethought in the Digital Age“ (Schudson, 2011). What flows through the media ranges from celebrities, to politics, events and even sport which accumulate what is considered a news story, although due to the media constantly wanting the audiences views we see them create ‘news values’ being the “implicit principles underlying the assessment of newsworthiness” (Chandler and Munday, 2011) and the way these selections occur within media before reaching viewers, based on what they believe viewers will be more interested in.
The news features include:
- Being transient – the way news importance coincides with history
- Pseudo-events – events arranged for convenience of mass media
- Narrativisation – when stories are shaped into narrative form
- Visual Imperatives – stories with “strong” pictures
The news values include:
- Cultural Proximity
- Elite References
With people now using the web to voice their opinions and knowledge, a social-media driven protest erupted across the Arab world in 2011 with a series of anti-government protests that occurred throughout the Middle East. The medias coverage in Australia being transient failed to report on the entirety of the event, yet rather reporting on smaller events in which Marshall states that journalists “need to follow up, they can’t just cover the big moments because this is a story of huge historical importance that will reverberate for years afterwards” (Lee-Wright 2012).
I believe that social media not only played a large part in the protests that occurred in the Arab Spring, but also influences the way generations today perceive and retrieve information on current and recent news issues. Rahmouni backs this up in certain aspects by stating the way “people are migrating to twitter feeds and other news aggregators that supply the news they want”(Lee-Wright 2012) whereas when interacting with either broadcasters or the press consumers do not get a choice.
Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday. “news values.” In A Dictionary of Media and Communication. : Oxford University Press, 2011. http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/view/10.1093/acref/9780199568758.001.0001/acref-9780199568758-e-1866.
Khorana, S. Who Counts in Global Media? News Values. Lecture from ‘International Media and Communication’ at the University of Wollongong. 24th September 2014.
Lee-Wright, P 2012, ‘News Values: An Assessment of News Priorities Through a Comparative Analysis of Arab Spring Anniversary Coverage’, Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths College, University of London, pp. 1-19.
Schudson, Michael (2011). The Sociology of News (2nd edition). p. 205.ISBN 0393912876.